Dining out on a warm night at a restaurant in the Washington area might not be the best idea, according to a new study from Washington State University.
The findings were published in the March 2016 issue of the journal Obesity Research & Practice.
“Dining out is a major source of calories for the majority of Americans, but our findings suggest that the quality of the food consumed and the quality and quantity of the beverages consumed might play a role in the choice of a beverage,” said study author David L. Regan, an assistant professor of psychology at WSU.
The study looked at data from more than 1,300 adults ages 19 to 55 in the Puget Sound region.
The participants were asked questions about their drinking habits and whether they consumed a range of beverage types, ranging from ice beverages to water, soft drinks, fruit drinks and energy drinks.
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Among the beverages, white beer topped the list with about 18 percent of all beverages consumed, followed by spirits with 11 percent, vodka with 10 percent and sparkling water with 10.3 percent.
Reghar, a beer drinker who regularly goes to the local pub, was the most likely to say that he would drink a cold beer, the researchers said.
“He’s a huge beer drinkor,” Regan said.
Rehgar said he has noticed that his drinking habits have changed over the years, as he’s gotten older.
He started drinking beer in the mid-1990s, when he was still in his early 20s, but stopped drinking it when he turned 30.
“I didn’t want to go out and drink beer anymore, so I drank wine and soft drinks,” Rehhar said.
The researchers also found that a higher percentage of women and minorities reported drinking a beer or wine at least once a week, compared with men and whites.
Women are more likely than men to drink both a beer and wine.
They also were more likely to drink one type of beer or one type and less likely to have one of them for more than one occasion.
A third of the women said they never had any type of alcohol at all and were more than twice as likely as men to say they never drank more than two drinks a day.
The women who drank at least one beer or a wine daily were also more likely as adults to say their alcohol intake was less than 1.5 drinks a week and as adults, they were also much more likely not to have ever had an alcohol-related health issue.
The same gender differences were seen in other areas, such as how much they drink and how much of it they drink in a month.
For instance, women were more inclined to say one drink a day was a lot more than their male counterparts.
“We think that people who drink a lot of alcohol are more susceptible to adverse effects from that type of drink,” Reghard said.
People who drink more often also are more sensitive to the effects of alcohol, such in how quickly their body metabolizes it, he added.
“A lot of these effects are not as obvious when you drink it in moderation, which is why people who do not drink alcohol often have more trouble adjusting to the health consequences of drinking,” Rehnard said, noting that people are more willing to take the risk of drinking in moderation.
The overall average age for a first drinker was 27.9 years for men and 29.3 years for women.
The average age of first alcohol use was 25.9 for men, 25.4 for women and 19.8 for both genders.
The majority of the alcohol consumption by the participants was from one drink, the study found.
Reaghan, a former WSU student, was more than half the participants age 25 to 34.
He said he had not seen a difference between men and women drinking more beer or soft drinks than beer or wines.
He also noted that his age is more than three years older than Rehag and Regan.
The results of the study, “The Effect of Beer and Wine Consumption on Body Composition and Health: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2011,” were based on data collected between 2007 and 2015.
The survey was administered to more than 13,000 adults and has a margin of error of plus or minus 2.8 percentage points.
For more information, visit the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website.